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INTRODUCTION TO HUNGARIAN PHILATELY
Ottoman Conquest
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1526

Suleyman's first Hungarian campaign. The Ottoman army invaded Hungary and defeated the Habsburg forces in the Battle of Mohács (Aug. 29) (See 1526, Aug. 29–30). Buda and Pest fell ten days later. The Ottomans withdrew after the Transylvanian notable John Zapolya recognized Ottoman suzerainty.

1526–27

Large-scale insurrections in Anatolia, fed largely by the resistance of Turkomans to the imposition of direct state control and taxation. Renewed Safavid propaganda fanned this discontent. The most serious revolt was led by Kalender Chelebi, whose supporters defeated an initial Ottoman expedition before being crushed (June 1527).

1528–29

Suleyman's second Hungarian campaign. After the Habsburgs took Hungary from Zapolya (1527), Suleyman reoccupied the country and reinstated Zapolya as king. He then mounted the FIRST OTTOMAN SIEGE OF VIENNA (Sept. 27–Oct. 15, 1529) but failed to take the city. His forces withdrew to Istanbul, leaving the Habsburgs to continue ruling the northern and western border areas of Hungary.

1532

Suleyman's third Hungarian campaign. Following a new Habsburg siege of Buda, Suleyman led a massive force to deal with the threat and penetrate central Europe. The campaign succeeded in conducting raids in Austria but without forcing the main Habsburg army into battle. The two sides agreed to a peace (June 22, 1533), by which the Habsburgs abandoned their claims to Hungary except for the border areas they had originally occupied and agreed to pay an annual tribute to the sultan.

REFERENCE: http://www.bartleby.com/67/c4p00592


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